Co-operation and co-ordination of anti-corruption agencies

The general consensus among Nigerians is that the theft of public assets is a huge obstacle to their country's development.

The exact amount of assets stolen from developing countries is impossible to determine, but a report on dirty money estimated that between $1 trillion and $1.6 trillion US dollars are lost each year to various forms of illegal activity ('Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative: Challenges, Opportunities and Action Plan', United Nations Office on Drugs and World Bank, 2007).

Capital flight from Nigeria is itself recognised as an enormous problem. It is estimated that each month $1 billion US dollars are declared by persons leaving Nigeria (Nigerian Financial Intelligence Unit statistics).

What people say about J4A's work

'Confidence has increased in the use of our product, confidentiality is enhanced and we have designated officers who really know what to do.'

- Nigerian Financial Intelligence Unit

'J4A is standing out in the crowd in the fight against anti-corruption in Nigeria. No other donor has done as much as J4A with CSOs on advocacy on anti-corruption. Others should emulate the work of J4A.'

- Executive Director, Media Initiative Against Injustice, Violence and Corruption

Our aim

  • Promote the Nigerian Financial Intelligence Unit to take the lead in co-ordinating and sharing intelligence within the sector, to ensure a greater number of more effective financial investigations
  • Develop and implement national strategies on anti-corruption, anti-money laundering and asset recovery
  • Establish anti-money laundering units within anti-corruption agencies and relevant law enforcement agencies
  • Build a solid legislative framework to support the recovery of criminally sourced assets
  • Build a cross-agency exchange mechanism for financial intelligence and financial investigation systems
  • Establish working groups on various issues that contribute to the facilitation of national and international co-operation on anti-money laundering, corruption and asset recovery
  • Develop legal assistance measures to enhance international co-operation and compliance with Financial Action Task Force and United Nations Convention Against Corruption requirements

Our approach

  • Developing a national anti-money laundering (AML) and counter financing of terrorism (CFT) strategy
  • Training for the Nigerian Financial Intelligence Unit to receive, analyse and share intelligence with the anti-corruption agencies and law enforcement agencies
  • Creating and reviewing asset recovery legislation and AML regulations
  • Reviewing bilateral and multilateral treatises on asset recovery, anti-corruption and AML
  • Supporting the drafting of policies and guidance on mutual legal assistance with the Ministry of Justice

Who we work with

Anti-Corruption Agencies (ACAs)

  • Independent Corrupt Practices Commission (ICPC)
  • Code of Conduct Bureau/Tribunal (CCB/T)
  • Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC)
  • Nigerian Financial Intelligence Unit  (NFIU)
  • Nigerian Police Force
  • Federal Ministry of Justice and Federal Judiciary
  • Civil society organisations (CSOs)
  • National Assembly

Delivering results

Number of occasions that the Nigerian Financial Intelligence Unit (NFIU) shared intelligence with other agencies:

  • 2010: 87
  • 2011: 113
  • 2012: 212
  • 2013 (up to August): 270

Growth in domestic information dissemination:

  • Between 2011 and 2012 there was a growth of 50%
  • By mid-2013 there was growth of over 65%

This shows that the resource of the NFIU is being more heavily relied upon now that the pre-authorities officer regime is in place.

In 2011, the breakdown of reports sent to the anti-corruption agencies was:

  • Economic and Financial Crimes Commission: 91%
  • Independent Corrupt Practices Commission: 9%
  • Code of Conduct Bureau: 0%

In 2013 the breakdown was:

  • Economic and Financial Crimes Commission: 58%
  • Independent Corrupt Practices Commission: 38%
  • Code of Conduct Bureau: 4%


  • The readjustment in the dissemination can almost entirely be attributed to the creation of anti-money laundering and counter financing of terrorism units within the agencies and the authorised officer programme
  • Anti-Money Laundering Act 2012 passed
  • Proceeds of Crime Bill submitted
  • Draft money-laundering regulations developed
  • National CSO campaign against impunity in public expenditure